Anemia is a condition of insufficient oxygen carrying capacity of blood or red blood cells
Red blood cells or RBCs are formed inside bone marrow, the central part of the bones
When to suspect anemia?
Anemia may not have any symptoms when mild. The first symptoms that might appear include:
- Weakness and irritation
- Easy fatigability
- Brittle nails
- Perverted taste
- Pale skin color
- Shortness of breath
- Heart conditions
Confirmation of Anemia
- Low blood pressure, especially related to change in posture
- Pale skin
- increased heart rate
- Blood test confirmation
- Bone marrow studies
Other tests may be done to find medical problems that can cause anemia.
Treatment should be directed at the cause of the anemia, and may include:
- Iron, vitamin B12, folic acid, or other supplements
- Blood transfusions
When to Contact a Medical Professional
Anemia should be considered as a process that may develop either slowly or suddenly and the symptoms and signs vary accordingly. Blood tests generally give a clue as to the type and extent of defect leading to anemia.
One should get in touch with a healthcare under following situations:
- Detection of any of the symptoms of anemia or any unusual bleeding from any site in the body.
- Kidney disease or heart disease
- Medication known to damage RBCs.
- Digestive disorders especially in which food components are not properly absorbed from the gut.
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Dr Vinay Kumar
Senior Consultant Dermatologist
+91-93 199 299 00
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